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How to clear customs for U.S. imported products?
Mainly speaking of general cargo imports, the logistics channels from China to the United States are air or sea, or combined transportation (non-email channels, non-express channels).
Most of the imports of general goods are more than 2500 US dollars in value. For public goods more than 2500 US dollars, the U.S. Customs requires formal meaning, regardless of whether the tariff is 0, and legal imports must require an IOR (Importer of record) This IOR must have a Bond. Bonds are divided into two categories: one-time, suitable for importers to import less than twice a year officially, and the other is called an annual bond, which is ideal for importing more than twice a year. Without a bond, IOR cannot clear customs. The bond cost will be determined based on the value of the imported goods and the number of tariffs. Generally, the annual bond cost of general goods is between 400 and 800 US dollars.
And IOR can be divided into two types, one is the American entity company, that is, the Importer is in the United States, and the other is the use of a Chinese shipping company to buy the bond, that is, the shipper to buy the bond. Both are fine.
The second situation is something extraordinary in the United States. Many Chinese exporters or sellers do not know it. If you are doing business in the United States for a long time, and the United States does not have a physical company or does not have a partner approved by you, it is best to send it domestically. The freighter acts as an importer for imports from the United States and purchases bonds. But you still need a company in the United States that can provide the consignee as a consignee and his tax number. This consignee company can use a logistics company or another.
To purchase a bond, the company’s tax number is required. If a U.S. entity company provides the IRS paper, it is fine, and the I.D. of the company owner is required. If an overseas company is a consignor buying a bond, it needs to provide an overseas business license, corporate passport, or I.D. card.
Then import customs clearance, the United States needs to entrust customs brokers to do it (theoretically, IOR can clear customs by yourself, but it may not be incredibly cost-effective if you do it yourself. Of course, large IORs often have their inhouse brokers, which is another situation), if It is the first time to import. You need to provide POA, customs declaration, BOND information, packing list of goods, commercial invoice of goods, and logistics waybill (airway bill or bill of lading) with the customs broker. As long as the plane flies together, Customs declarers here in the United States can make declarations for air transportation. Often, the aircraft will complete the customs clearance before landing, and then the customs system will give the customs declaration instructions, release, inspection, and so on.
If it is released, you can go to the airport to pick up the goods.
After that, the customs broker will give the Importer a form called CBP7501. This document is essential. This is proof of import from the United States. The United States Customs issue it. It will contain various details and charges, including tariffs, MPF, etc, goods customs code, value, consignee, etc.
In this part of tariffs, generally, small and medium customers are paid to the customs broker, and the customs broker pays the customs. There is no situation in the United States that the customs broker does not pay the customs, not to worry about the customs broker over charging the customs (but the customs broker will charge a tariff advance procedure Fees), as long as you get the 7501 form, you can tell everything. Again, this form is essential. If your tariff amount is large, you can go to the U.S. Customs and open an account to deposit money as tariff payment. The customs directly deduct cash from this account after tariffs are generated.
The United States does not exist, and tariffs are not transparent. If you think there are too many customs duties, use this 7501 or other evidence to communicate with him. If it fails, go to court. These are all everyday situations and are the power of the American Importer.
Besides, because IOR is the owner of the goods, the customs and the customs broker only have a relationship with him. And whoever becomes the Importer shall bear all the U.S. imports’ responsibilities, including tariffs, FDA, inspection storage fees, U.S. port logistics costs and so on.
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