Top 10 Major Ports in China

By HX Wenli
 / 
January 11, 2022
 / 

These are the ten best ports in China for 2022.
Including:
Shanghai Port
Shenzhen Port
Ningbo-Zhoushan Port
Hongkong Port
Guangzhou Port
Qingdao Port
Tianjin Port
Dalian Port
Xiamen Port
Yingkou Port
So if you want to be a China sourcing and shipping pro, this guide is for you.
Let’s get started. 

Chapter 1: Major Ports in China and Its Importance

1 .China Ports

Overview of Major Ports in China

China is a shipping and manufacturing country in Eastern Asia. It is the world’s second-largest country by land area and is bordered on the east by water. Some of their biggest ports are used widely for local and global trading.
China contributes to global economic growth. They have big industries that manufacture a wide range of goods.  They ship these goods to different countries through their ports.
Are you interested to know China major ports? We will give you information about the different China main ports and their roles when it comes to shipping.

Why are Major Ports in China important?

The China shipping ports play a significant part in the country’s growth. Numerous harbors and minor ports dot the country’s coastline. They are used for trading, fishing, and shipping.
Some of the goods that are shipped are put in container cargoes like consumer goods, various minerals, vehicles, and agricultural produce. The country is known as the largest importer. They ship to different nations through these ports.
Because of the Major Ports in China, global trade is easy and possible for many countries. If you want to conduct business with China, you should learn about the entry or endpoints for goods and merchandise. It will make trading convenient and faster.

Roles of China Major Ports in the Economy

2. China Ports

Have you heard about Shanghai port?  Shekou port? Tianjin port? Qingdao port? Why is the biggest port in China important? Is the China seaport beneficial to sea freight and cargoes worldwide? These are some of the interesting things about the roles of the Chinese port in the economy.

Here are a few roles of China shipping ports in the economy:

1. Link to global sea trade

The locations of Chinese ports linked many countries to allow trading of various goods and commodities. The connections it made to many nations gave way to improving its facilities.

2. Economic growth due to export activities

Due to the record of the increasing rate of exporting over the past decades, the shipping industry brings growth to China’s economy. More countries became interested to trade with China. As a result, 80% of the global trade moves via sea.

3. Development of other ports

China has built some of the world’s largest and busiest ports to help with the movement of goods in and out of the nation. Several of China’s container ports are among the most linked in the world, according to the Liner Shipping Connectivity Index (LSCI).

4. Increased container shipping

China major ports can allow heavy volumes of container goods. For example, the Shanghai sea port is the busiest China container port. The other container ports include Ningbo port China, Shenzhen port China, Qingdao port China among others.

5. Efficient container port

The system used by China container ports makes it more productive than other ports. Most China shipping ports like Port in Shenzhen and Port in Guangzhou are in order when it comes to freight shipping.

Chapter 2: Top 10 Major Ports in China

3. Top 10 China Ports

There is a long list of Major Ports in China, but the following are the major ports in China:

1. Shanghai Port(largest China major port)

Shanghai Port China has been in operation as a treaty port since 1842. The Yangtze, Huangpu, and Qiantang rivers meet at the seaport’s location. It is bordered on the south by Hangzhou Bay and the east by the East China Sea.
It is the world’s largest port. Since 2010, when it exceeded the Major Ports in China of Singapore, it recorded millions of shipping activities. There is a massive volume of trade passing through this aquatic seaport. The Shanghai International Group Company manages this port.
The port handles 99 percent of Shanghai’s overseas trade. Moreover, a quarter of all cargo traffic in China is exported and imported through Shanghai’s port. It has a fast economic growth because it is the biggest container ship port.
The Yangshan China satellite port is connected to the main port through the Donghai Bridge. It was improved to accommodate trade when the water is not too deep. Shanghai has processed more cargo than any other Chinese port due to the existing minor ports.
Huangpu, Yangtze, and the Yangshan Deep Water Zone are the three working zones of Shanghai International Port. It is an automated port and handles the bulk of container traffic.
It is naturally protected and close to China’s industrial and manufacturing zones. Traders prefer it because of its strategic location.
Many factories in the bordering provinces of Zhenjiang port and Jiangsu port are close to it. The location of Shanghai port is excellent for all global trade ports. It exceeded the handling capacity of a 40million TEU, which is why it became the busiest port in the world.
The Shanghai Port’s expansion will increase its shipping capacity, and the size will become significant in the coming years. The port is expected to grow at an annual rate of 8.3 percent and can accommodate up to 100,000 TEUs per day.

4. Top 10 China Ports

2. Shenzhen Port (Top 3 China major ports )

Another China main port, Shenzhen Port, is ranked third among the world’s largest container ports. It is located in Guangdong port, to the south of the Pearl River Delta. As one of the busiest ports, it has a lot of potential for development.
Container ships from China travel here for local and overseas trade. The Port of Shenzhen refers to a group of ports located along Shenzhen’s coastline. It spans 260 kilometers along the shore. The port is home to the headquarters of about 40 shipping corporations, which opened over 130 global container lines.
Thousands of electronics manufacturers have set up factories. That’s why Shenzhen port is known for its surrounding high-tech shops. There are about 25 million people who work in the electronics industry. Foreign traders who buy from factories in Shenzhen find it convenient to ship their cargoes from this port.
Shenzhen Port aims to develop a world-class harbor that is also modern, safe, and environment-friendly. It is consists of three main ports: Yantian Port China, Nanshan Port, and Dachan Bay Port. They all specialize in container transit and overseas trading.
Nanshan Port is a vital component of the main container shipping lines. It is the port in the west of Shenzhen port. It is a multifunctional port with the ability to dock cruise ships, manage tourists, ship bulk and freight, as well as repair and build ships.

5. Nanshan Port

Another notable port in Shenzhen is the Bao’an Port. Major Ports in China activities in Bao’an are bulk and freight cargo and passenger transit. They are also developing their barge transportation. A barge is a cargo-carrying vessel used to move passengers or commodities along rivers towed by a tug boat.
The Dachan Bay Port is an essential part of the main container line ports, and it uses container shipping to create modernized logistics. In the east of Shenzhen Port is Dapeng Port, which stores or ships petroleum products, chemicals, and gas. It serves as a port for passenger transportation and marine tourism.
Shekou port is located in the southern part of Shenzhen. It serves as a  passenger transit intersection that provides ferries to destinations in the Pearl River Delta. The terminal’s shoreline is 0.6 miles long and contains 16 berths. Shekou port is one of the most famous fruit-importing cities in China.
Shekou port has connections with ports of Busan, Hongkong, Singapore, Port Klang, Tianjin Xingang, Le Havre, Nansha, Ain Sukhna, and more.
The Jiameng port, Foshan port, Guanzhou port, Shilong port, Huizhou port,Licheng port, Pingshan port and Sanbu ports are some of the closest in Shekou port.

3. Ningbo-Zhoushan Port (The busiest Major Ports in China)

Ningbo-Zhoushan Port is the world’s busiest cargo port(Major Ports in China), handling approximately 1 billion tons of cargo each year. It is made up of Ningbo sea port and Zhoushan, which is located on the East shore of Hangzhou Bay, across Shanghai. It is well connected to the inner parts of China via rivers, rail, and roads.
The Major Ports in China are connected and strategic to over 90 countries and other 560 ports. It is a multi-purpose port with almost 200 berths capable of handling ships with a tonnage of over 10,000 DWT.
The Port of Ningbo-Zhoushan is involved in commercial trading with raw materials, cargo shipments, and manufactured products in North and South America. This China main port is developing to provide new services.
It is one of the growing numbers of Chinese ports with annual cargo throughput volumes exceeding 100 million tons. Measures of port throughput represent the amount of cargo or number of vessels handled by the port over time.

6. Chinese ports

They have a terminal for crude oil that can handle supertankers weighing more than 250,000 tons and ore bulk carriers vessels weighing more than 200,000 tons. They also have a 50,000-ton liquid chemical terminal plus a customized terminal for container ships.
The Ningbo-Zhoushan Port has new routes, with 11 train services now available to 36 cities in China. Ningbo-Zhoushan Port can go as far as  Central and Northern Asia and even Eastern Europe.
It is one of China’s busiest ports since the port is at the intersection of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road and the Silkroad Economic Belt. The port also has 242 maritime routes that connect to over 600 ports worldwide.
It is near Zhejiang Free Trade Zone that serves leading global trading companies. This port owns an iron ore yard. The storage yard has a 4.1 million ton capacity. It collaborated with Brazil Vale miners to construct a hub for iron ore grinding.

4. Hongkong Port (Major Ports in China)

Another China main port is the Port of Hongkong which serves as a major shipping hub for the Southeast and Asian regions. The main shipping service is located on Lamma Island. They operate nine container terminals and one river trading terminal.
The Hongkong port offers cheaper rates than other container ports. However, they can only take smaller ships. It is an entry port to South China for ocean shipment to Asian countries.  For many years, it served as a trans-shipment port for cargo importing and exporting to and from South China.
Nine container terminals are situated in the Kwai Chung and Tsing Yi Container Terminals in the northwestern area of the harbor. There are 24 berths in all, with 7,694m of deep water frontage.
The river trading terminal at Tsuen Mun handles bulk freight operations.  The loading and unloading of cargos take place in the harbor’s mid-stream regions.

7. Hongkong Port

The Hongkong port has container yards and freight stations, covering a total terminal area of around 279ha. The nine container terminals can handle more than 19 million TEUs in total.
The Tsing Yi Island’s west coast is home to some floating dry docks. Smaller shipyards near the harbor do repairs and manufacture specialized craft for export markets, such as patrol vessels and yachts.

Their available facilities:

  • Dry docks
  • Slipways
  • Anchorages
  • Repair and maintenance for all sorts of vessels

The Hongkong Port is also known for its midstream operations. Ferry services to Macau and other Chinese ports are available regularly. These services bring in over 15 million passengers to the port. It is still considered as one of the largest ports in the world despite the competition going on with Shenzhen and Shanghai.
Hongkong port is a free port and the most important South China hub port. It is a business-friendly port where different countries from around the world can avail of its services.

5. Guangzhou Port (China major ports)

The Port of Guangzhou is another China main port, serving the provinces of Guizhou, Guangxi, Sichuan, Jiangxi, and Yunnan. Guangzhou Port is China’s largest southern port. Guangzhou Port does business with approximately 80 countries and 300 ports. The Guangzhou Port joined with Huangpu, a regional port, to form one of the world’s largest comprehensive ports.
The port is connected to rails, roads, aviation, and inland waterway systems. It is located on the Dongjiang, Beijiang, and Xijiang rivers and is connected to the industrial hubs in the area.
There are over 4,500 berths and 2400 mooring locations are available in the port. The port is near the base of Nansha Guangzhou Wetland Park. The Nansha port China is the only non-shallow container terminal in the area.

8. Guangzhou Port

Guangzhou port China is the port of choice for the following:

  • Industrial goods
  • Agricultural produce
  • Machinery
  • Food products
  • Fertilizers
  • vehicle parts
  • Oil
  • Steel
  • Iron ore
  • Minerals

The strategic location of this port serves the provinces near it. It provides various services to traders and importers who need bonded warehouses or storage areas. Lianhuashan Port and Nansha Port China are two of the most well-known passenger ports you can find in Guangzhou.
The port of Guangzhou is one of the busiest ports in China. It takes 15 to 30 days to ship to the US when you are shipping from the port of Guangzhou. Shipping companies who operate in these ports can offer FCL and LCL services. For other countries, the lead time depends on the destination of the products.
There are also numerous freight ports in Guangzhou,  including Huangpu, Wuchang, and Xintang. 
The Huangpu Port Area of the Port of Guangzhou is roughly 22 nautical miles upriver on the Pearl River from the Nansha Port Area. Containers, large bulk, heavy pieces, and oil products are among the principal cargoes handled in Guangzhou’s Huangpu Port Area.
Honda’s export outlet at the Port of Guangzhou is the Xinsha Automobile Terminal (China). It is also where they import Toyota, Hyundai, and BMW cars. Guangzhou is the busiest port in South China for loading and unloading automobiles. It is also the largest hub for vehicle imports and exports.

6. Qingdao Port (China major ports)

Qingdao Port is located on the Yellow Sea. It is the world’s eighth busiest port and a key seaport in Eastern China. The harbor of Qingdao is separated into four zones, each of which serves as a free port. Only two other Asian ports can match this port- the Ports of Busan and Singapore.
Qingdao Port handles thousands of vessels from Eastern China, most of which are bound for Pacific countries like Japan, South Korea, the Americas, and Russia. It trades with more than 450 ports in 130 countries. It also transacts in the Vado Gateway Terminal in Italy.
The Dagang and Qianwan ports handle cargo and container traffic. Oil and petroleum tankers are the main cargo at Guangdong Port. Dongjiakou’s final zone is positioned far from the city and other ports. These container ships from China travels non-stop.
Qingdao Port handles containers, cargo, and iron ore products. The Qingdao Qianwan and Gosport Terminals are the main container terminals. The Qingdao Gosport is an overseas terminal, while Qianwan largely deals in domestic containers. A large hub at the Qingdao port handles iron ore shipments.
The rival port of Qingdao port is Tianjin port. Although the bay occasionally freezes during harsh winters, it is always open to huge ships. It has large fishing ports and beautiful beaches. Qingdao is a renowned tourist destination in China because of its stunning beaches and unique city architecture.

The top industries found around the port are factories of:

  • Chemical factories
  • Match and Dye factories
  • Rubber factories
  • Textiles
  • Modern cotton mills
  • Locomotive and railway car works
  • Repair facilities
9. Guangzhou Port

Situated near the Shandong port, the Port of Qingdao has a cutting-edge information management system that ensures timely, accurate, and effective cargo management services. They have cargo services, storage, transfer, packing/unpacking of goods, and refrigeration services.

7. Tianjin Port (China major ports)

Tianjin port China, known as the Port of Tanggu, is Northern China’s largest port and the primary marine entry of Beijing port.  It is the world’s largest man-made port and the largest on mainland China with 121 square kilometers of land, 31.9 kilometers of quay coastline, and 151 berths.
The term “Tianjin Xingang Port China”  or Xingang China port is commonly used to refer to the entire port, but it only refers to the main seaport region. The port is located on the western bank of Bohai Bay, 170 kilometers southeast of Beijing and 60 kilometers east of Tianjin.
Beijing, Nanjiang, and Dongjiang are called the three core or Tianjin Xingang. The nine port areas of Tianjin Port are:

  1. Area of Beijiang
  2. Area of Nanjiang, and
  3. Haihe area along the river
  4. Beitang port area around the Beitangkou estuary
  5. Dagukou port area in the Haihe River’s estuary
  6. Hanggu
  7. Dongjiang around the Xingang fairway
  8. Gaoshaling
  9. Nangang

In the year 2013, Tianjin Port handled 500 million tonnes of cargo and 13 million TEU of containers. More than 600 ports in 180 nations and territories across the world trade with Tianjin port. It is the world’s fourth-largest port in terms of cargo throughput and ninth in terms of container throughput.
Tianjin Port has a container and non-container cargo business, port ancillary services, and fuel sales to all inbound vessels. It has 115 regular container lines. Tianjin Xingang also boasts enormous shipyards that can manufacture and repair large ships.
The proximity of Xingang Tianjin China to Beijing, as well as its port location, makes it a great transportation and shipping hub. The upcoming Free Trade Zone of Tianjin will create more global investment opportunities. Tianjin Port is enhanced by the city’s manufacturing and technology companies.
Tianjin Port has the advantage as a multifunction port due to its natural location, population, and center for some of China’s most important development programs.

8. Dalian Port (China major ports)

Dalian Port China is the largest deep-water port in China’s northeastern Liaoning Province. It is located near the mouth of Bohai Bay. Its position as mainland China’s second-largest container transshipment hub is responsible for commercial movements to and from the Pacific.
It serves seaports throughout northern and eastern Asia, as well as the Pacific Rim. Dalian Port is linked to ports in over 160 nations. Dalian Port is China’s most northern ice-free port and one among the country’s top five in terms of size.
The northern part of Dalian port is a vital port that caters to the Pacific coast. It is responsible for container and cargo traffic. It serves vessels from more than 160 countries in 300 ports. The first international container exports from China were handled by this port.
There are a total of 68 international container routes that pass through Dalian. It generates money through domestic cargo and mineral shipments. Within Dalian port are small ports such as Daliangang, Dalianwan, Ganjinzi, and Dayaowan. Dalian port works together with the Yingkou port.
Dalian’s port is still strongly reliant on old heavy industries like coal. Analysts, on the other hand, have predicted that Dalian will develop as a result of the Liaoning Free Trade Zone’s establishment.
Dalian is China’s “Northern Pearl” and summer resort. It is also known as “the football city” and “the fashion city.” Dalian is a major tourist destination for both domestic and international visitors, particularly those from Japan, South Korea, and Russia.

10.dalian Port

Dalian boasts a 1,906-kilometer coastline (1,185 miles). The golden beach, the silver beach, the water, and the sky all blend into one. Every year, millions of visitors visit due to the stunning scenery.
Dalian has a well-developed sea transportation system. There are different locations in the world that ships through Dalian Port.  Every day, ships travel towards Yantai, Weihai, Penglai, and Tianjin Xingang Port. It also has regular ships to Inchon, South Korea.

9. Xiamen Port (China major ports)

Xiamen Port is one of China major ports located on the Fujian coastline. It is a busy Fujian port on the East China Sea and the sea entry to Fujian. The Major Ports in China of Xiamen are in Jinmen Bay, the southeast part of Fujian Province. Across the Taiwan Strait, it faces the Penghu Islands and Taiwan.
The other big ports in Fujian Ports aside from Xiamen are the Ports of Fuzhou, Quanzhou, and Putian. There are other small ports around the coast. For example, there are ports like the Wenzhou port in Fuzhou, the Dongdu port, and Haicang port in Xiamen.
Xiamen Port has the inner and outer ports that serve both domestic and overseas trade in Fujian Province. It also handles transporting goods by ship to the adjacent province of Jiangxi.
Xiamen Port has built 165 berths. The port has 76 berths that have a capacity of over 10K tons. It has seventeen 100,000-ton berths and five 200,000-ton berths. It has recorded a throughput of 217 million tons since 2019.

There are ten port zones in Xiamen Port as follows:

  1. Dongdu
  2. Haicang
  3. Xiang’an in Xiamen
  4. Zhaoyin
  5. Houshi
  6. Shima
  7. Gulei
  8. Dongshan
  9. Yunxiao
  10. Zhaoan in Zhangzhou

Some interesting info about Xiamen Port: Water Depth Measure and Characteristics
Channel: 31-35 ft 9.4 – 10m
Cargo Pier: 11 – 15 ft 3.4 – 4.6m
Mean Tide: 5ft
Anchorage: 36 – 40 ft 11 – 12.2m
Oil Terminal: 21 – 25 ft 6.4 – 7.6m
Ship repairs: Moderate
Drydock size: Medium
Loading and Unloading Service: For anchors
Max. Vessel: 500ft and above

11.Xiamen Port

More than 145 container routes have opened at Xiamen Port, including 92 international connections and 57 seaways to nations along the Maritime Silk Road. There are 12 domestic offshore lines for importing and exporting goods. It has 42 domestic commerce lines. It is the closest port in Taiwan.

10. Yingkou Port (China major ports)

In the Major Ports in China list, Yingkou Harbor is one of the littlest ports. The Yingkou Port Group Corporation manages this port, and it has 27 berths, smaller quays, and docks.
The Old Yingkou Port on the Daliao River and the Bayuquan Port on the Bohai Sea are the two working zones of the port. Incoming ships use the services of the port. They have pilotage, loading, pipeline transportation, communication vessels, roads, and rail transportation services.
In 1864, the port of Yingkou began to engage in international trade. It is one of the five oldest commerce ports in China.  Yingkou remains a vital link between northeast China and the rest of the globe. It was one of the first cities in China to establish a customs department.
The Port of Yingkou handled over 260 million tons of cargo in 2010, including over four million TEUs of containerized freight, making it the fastest-growing port in China. The following is the Major Ports in China list of imported products in the port of Yingkou:

  • Coal
  • Iron
  • Steel
  • Automobiles
  • Sugar and grain
  • Containerized cargoes
  • Mechanical parts
  • Consumer goods
  • Electronics

The Yingkou port includes two specialized bulk grain terminals that can handle 10 million tons of cargo per year. The terminals can carry ships weighing up to 70 thousand tons.
Rail tracks connect the quay to silos and warehouses at the Port of Yingkou for grain terminals. Grain shipping partners are from the domestic regions in South and East China.
It has shipping agreements with more than 140 ports in more than 50 nations and regions around the globe. Korea, Japan, and some Southeast Asia are among its key trading partners, and the Port of Yingkou serves over ten international shipping routes and more than 40 domestic container lines.

Chapter 3: What are the benefits of China major ports?

12. benefits of China ports

In the past, when people heard “Made in China”, they would often associate it with fake or counterfeit products. However, the “Made in China 2025” program aims to put China as a high-end producer of goods. Thus, Chinese sea ports are vital.
The following are the benefits of Chinese sea ports:

Non-stop logistic traffic

As more and more China container ships are sailing, the backlogs of delayed shipping are minimized. Aside from the biggest port in China, other China major ports will be opened and operated non-stop to ensure fast shipment.
It may sound confusing because non-stop traffic may mean congestion in a Chinese port. But this is normal in a busy port. If there are natural causes of delay, longer traffic is expected. For example, Typhoon Kompasu stopped the operations at Yantian China (Port in Shenzhen) and Hongkong.
Nevertheless, importers will not worry if a China port is closed in one city because there are other options. For example, if the Shenzhen port is too busy, you can find alternative ports like Shekou port and Yantian port Shenzhen.

A geographic place for import and export

The China main port and China container port are essential means for trading. Ocean freight shipping is a practical way to reach more countries when transporting goods. A reachable Chinese port that ships into a country give them a cheaper and faster transit time.
If you are looking for a supplier or factory in China, the next thing you will consider is shipping. Because items from various industries in China are based on a specific area, you can import from other ports aside from the major or biggest port in China.  
For example, if you are shipping to the UK, there are several ports you can choose from. If your supplier is near China major ports, you can select from Shanghai port China, port in Shenzhen, Ningbo port China or Guangzhou sea port. You can choose the most cost-effective or convenient choice.

Global economic growth

Despite the Covid19 virus originating in China, it is still surprising that the economy grew to 6.5% in 2020. A China port that closed during the pandemic is the Wuhan port.

13.China port closed

Nevertheless, importers from all over the world continue to do business with China Now that we are slowly recovering from the pandemic, more importing and exporting will occur.
There is now an increasing rate for container shipping services. China container ships have a high demand. It is a good sign that the global industry is now slowly recovering from almost 2 years of losses due to the pandemic.
With all these happening in China major ports, there will be more growth in the world’s economy.

14.China port closed

Center of international trade

China is famous as the world’s largest manufacturer. Many countries rely on them for all kinds of products such as gadgets, clothing, medical equipment, beauty products, cosmetics, etc. Because China sea port has a good location,  it has become the center of overseas trade. 
Thousands of container ships from China sail every week to transport goods to different countries. China is one of the famous and largest trade cities in the world. They partner with significant export nations like the US, Europe, and Asian countries.

Supply freight and shipping services

To continue the global supply chain, China major ports, and minor ports are used for various freight and shipping options. A China sea port can be a warehouse or storage for multiple goods and shipments. Here are other services:

  • Product management
  • Ancillary services
  • Financial services
  • Port activities
  • Freight forwarding services

Chapter 4: What Products to Buy or Import

We have given all the information about the major ports in China. Now, you might be wondering what products are manufactured in each city. You can check the table below for reference:

Manufacturing CityFamous Manufactured Products
Shanghai watches, leather goods, cameras, coal, petroleum and petroleum products, metal-ore, steel, machinery and equipment, petrochemicals, biomedicine, stationery products, paints, detergents, synthetic fibers, chemical fertilizers
Shenzhen electronic parts and products, mobile phones, drones, voice amplifiers, toys, TV, drones, circuit boards, LED lights, mp3s, Bluetooth speakers, sound system, home entertainment, POS, smart gadgets
Ningbo-Zhoushan clothes, beauty products, shoes, accessories, cosmetics, appliances, textiles, auto parts, plastic goods, rubber, pottery, vases, paintings, and more
Hongkongtextile, clothing, shoes, machine parts, plastics, steel, cement, electrical machines, appliances, apparatus, office machines, data processing machines, and more
Guangzhou petrochemical, electronic products, automotive parts and products, industrial goods, agricultural produce, machinery, food products, fertilizers, oil, steel, iron ore, minerals
Qingdao chemicals, matches, dyes, rubbers, textiles, cotton, machine, automobiles, biopharmaceutical products, building materials, and more
Tianjin textiles, automobiles and parts, telecommunication products, pharmaceutical products, clothing, and fashion products, jewelry and accessories, gadgets and accessories, beauty products, phones, computer products, toys, pet supplies, travel, and outdoor goods
Dalian oil, machine, electronic products, food products, silicon and rubber materials, anchor chains, forklifts and other machines, granite
Xiamen food products, beauty products and cosmetics, consumer products, electrical products, health care products, construction materials, and more
Yingkou magnesium materials, metallurgy, textiles and garments, petrochemicals, building materials, equipment manufacturing, coal, steel, iron, mechanical parts, sugar and grain, and more

Chapter 5: Chinese Ports – China Major Ports FAQ

15.Chinese Ports FAQ

Lastly, here are some Frequently Asked Questions about the major ports. It is interesting to know that China has the largest port globally. As the center of overseas trade, there are future investments in place. There are exciting developments to look forward to that will improve and give more shipping solutions to global businesses.

Which port in China handles the most cargo by tons worldwide?

For cargo throughput, the Port of Shanghai is the world’s largest port. In 2012, the Shanghai port handled 744 million tonnes of cargo, including 32.5 million TEUs (20-foot equivalent units). It is also the busiest port with traffic in the Top 50 Ports around the world.

Is Shenzhen a Port City?

Yes. Another significant port city in the Pearl River Delta region is Shenzhen. It is a major transportation hub in South China’s coastal areas, with a considerable impact on China’s high-tech industry, international trade, financial services, and maritime transportation.

What are the requirements of a good port?

A good port requires to have a transportation facility that is stable against the following factors:

  • earth pressure
  • waves
  • water pressure
  • current
  • self-weight
  • earthquake motions
  • volume of loads
  • flame or fire
  • wind
  • heat
  • collision with other vessels

How many ports do China own?

China has ownership of 96 shipping ports around the world. China is a worldwide commerce superpower, with more shipping ports at home than any other country they will add 100 more ports in at least 60 countries.

Who has the biggest seaport in the world?

Shanghai’s port, which now has five operating regions, has surpassed the Port of Singapore as the world’s largest port. The port of Shanghai, which has both a sea and a river port, handled roughly 29 million TEUs.
It is a hub of economic activity in the Yangtze River basin, helping to boost the economies of provinces such as Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Henan. This port handles one-fourth of China’s international trade. It serves around 2,000 container ships per month.
In the table below courtesy of World shipping, you can see that the volume of annual shipping from Shanghai Port surpassed its main competitor, the Singapore Port.

16.Chinese Ports FAQ

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